Geographical & Eco resources

History brief

 

According to archaeological results, researchers believe that Con Dao has had the presence of humans since prehistoric times through artifacts and artifacts, which were identified in the middle of the early Metal Age and has a close relationship with pottery relics of the early Sa Huynh period in the South Central and Southeast regions.

​Prior to During the French colonial period, Con Dao belonged to the province Ha Tien, then changed to Vinh Long province.

On May 1882President of France Jules Grevy signed a decree recognizing the Kunlun Islands as a district of Nam ky. On January 15, 1977 , the second session, the 6th National Assembly, issued a Resolution to change the name of Con Dao to Con Dao district of Hau Giang province.

On May 30 , 1979, the 6th National Congress, the 5th session, issued a Resolution to establish the Vung Tau - Con Dao Special Zone, and Con Dao to become a district of the Vung Tau - Con Dao Special Zone.

​On August 121991, the 8th National Congress, the 9th session issued a Resolution establishing Ba Ria - Vung Tau province, Con Dao became a district of Ba Ria - Vung Tau province until now. Con Dao district is a one-level government, there is no district, no ward or township level...The current population app 12,000 people.

Natural Geography

Con Dao archipelago has a total area of 76 km², the largest island is Con Son island with 51.52km². This island has a mountainous terrain, dominated by mountains granites running from the southwest to the northeast, sheltering the bays of the island on both sides from strong winds. The highest point of the archipelago is the peak of Holy Cross mountain on Con Son island, 577m high. The geology of the archipelago is highly diverse, including: igneous rock Mesozoic acid intrusion, acid eruption igneous rocks and neutral eruptions and quaternary sediments.

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​Climate

Con Dao's climate is characterized by Equator - ocean hot and humid, divided into two  seasons: rainy season from May to November and dry season from December to April next year. The average annual temperature is 26.9 °C. May is hot, sometimes up to 34 °C. The average rainfall in the year reaches 2,200 mm; It rains at least in January. Con Dao archipelago is located in the intersection between channels Ocean warm from the south and cold currents from the north.Temperature seawater from 25.7 °C to 29.2 °C.

 

Ecological resources

Con Son Island and many other small islands in this archipelago are forested. The national park has 5,472.5 ha of forested land, equal to 93% of the total area of floating islands in the National Park. Currently, 1,077 species of vascular plants have been recorded. A prominent feature of the flora of Con Dao is that there are 44 species of plants described for the first time in the islands. Many species bear the names of local landmarks such as Dau Con Son (Dipterocarpus condorensis), Bui Con Son (Ilex condorensis), Dot Sanh Con Son (Pavetta condorensis) and Lau Con Son (Psychotria condorensis).

Up to now, 25 species of mammals, 85 species of birds, 32 species of reptiles and 13 species of amphibian have been recorded in Con Dao National Park. Although the number of species is relatively low, the individual densities are often high, some species and subspecies endemic to the region such as Con Son Black Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor condorensis), Black Squirrel (Callosciunis finlaysonii), Round-eyed Lizard (Ratufa bicolor condorensis) Cnemaspis boulengeri), Con Dao blind snake (Oligodon condaoensis), Worm lizard (Dibamus kondaoensis) and Con Dao macaque (Macaca fascicularis condorensis). There are many bird species in Con Dao that can't be found anywhere else in Vietnam like  The nicoba dove (Caloenas nicobarica), the white-bellied madbird (Sula leucogaster) and the white-bellied robin (Ducula bicolor)

Marine ecosystem The National Park is very diverse with ecosystems such as mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass beds.

Mangrove forest has about 31 hectares with 46 species of plants distributed around areas such as Hon Ba, along the west coast of Hon Bay Canh and along the southern and northern coasts of Con Son island.

Coral reefs in Con Dao are among the oldest in Vietnam, distributed in shallow water around the islands, occupying a total area of about 1,800 ha with more than 360 species recorded in the Con Sea. Island.

Con Dao seagrass beds have about 1,040 hectares, where populations of globally threatened marine mammals, Dugong dugon, are found.

Con Dao National Park is an important nesting ground for the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), a globally endangered sea turtle. Annually, the area has recorded more than 500 females to breed at 18 locations in the National Park with a total of more than 1,500 nests. Nearly 80% of nests are made between June and September. Tortoises (Eretmochelys imbricata – endangered species) have also occurred in some areas. In addition, a number of marine mammal species have also been recorded in Con Dao National Park.

Con Dao is blessed with a rich natural ecological environment.  Con Dao National Park manages and conserves forest and marine resources, with many endemic and rare species of flora and fauna such as Con Dao long-tailed macaque, Con Dao black squirrel, white-bellied madbird, and white-bellied squirrel. , Nicobar pigeons, dolphins, dugongs, sea turtles, Dugong (sea cows)….

Con Dao has a beautiful green natural environment and a mild and cool climate all year round. Con Dao Sea with a large fishing ground for catching seafood from fishermen from the central provinces back in. With the advantages of potential ecological resources, historical relics, unspoiled environment, ..., Con Dao fully converges the potential, rare locality has to exploit sustainable development of tourism services. high quality sea and island tourism according to the orientation policy of the Prime Minister.